Herbs include small plants or parts of the plants like a flower, leaf, fruits, etc. Since ages, herbs are known for their medicinal properties and adding flavour content or aroma to the food. Herbs are useful in treating common health problems like cold, cough, headache, digestive problems and many others. The Traditional and Ayurvedic medicines often have rare herbs as main constituents. In the kitchen herbs such as mint, basil, coriander leaves, bay laurel, etc. acts as an add-on and are separate from vegetable and spices. Growing herbs in inside or outside your home are very simple and consume less time. A number of soils support herb’s cultivation with a little look after. There are almost negligible usages of fertilisers and pesticides in their cultivation.
For those who are looking to plant herbs, this article will help them with all the necessary information they should know. In short, this herbal gardening guide will ensure you the creative gardening hacks.
Herbal gardening Guide
Indoor or outdoor garden
The outdoor garden supports almost every type of herbs while for an indoor garden there are only a few choices available. For indoor gardens, where the herbs can easily access air, water and sunlight place the herb plant there. To grow annual herbs you can choose basil, dill and coriander seeds or for perennial herbs, thyme, sage, chives can opt. The soil mixes for the indoor garden should contain equal proportions of compost, topsoil and builder’s sand. On the contrary, outdoor gardens are more spacious and make sure a higher yield. It would be better to test the soil PH level before sowing the seeds. The normal to the acidic PH level is best for planting a herb bed. Add compost or peat moss to increase water storing capacity of the soil.
Sowing the seed
Sow a few seeds in the same pot, allowing a little space between them. Cover the seeds with a one-inch thick layer of top soil. Put a small amount of water to it just to moisten the soil. The sun rays should fall in this area for at least 6 to 8 hours every day. Cover the pot or that area with a suitable lid for 4-5 days to trap the heat and moisture within it. Remember to give water to it afterwards.
Adding fertilisers and pesticides
Although, there are quite negligible chances of pests, insects and mould attacks on your garden. Use organic pest control mechanism to protect the herb. Similarly, it is essential to use fertilisers to keep up the nutritional level of the soil. The herbs use the soil nutrition in their development which reduces the nutritional content of the soil, especially in the case of pot grown plants. Mix organic fertilizers in the soil before sowing the seed and use liquid fertiliser after the growth of herbs. If the herb still appears weak, especially the annual herbs, then you may either transfer the herb into another pot or change the soil mix of the pot.
Harvesting your herb
To boost growth in the herb, remove its 2-3 inches from its top. For the herbs cultivated for their leaves, take away all the flowers as soon as they appear on them. Herbs like mint, basil plant is grown and propagated by cutting. Herbs grown to flowering purpose needs to cut down without letting the flower fully blooms. In case, you want to harvest it for seeds, cut it as soon as you notice the colour change of the seed husk.
This brings us to the end of this herbal gardening guide article. Herbs hold good for the taste and health. Make use of your summer holidays and try a hand at gardening by using the above information.